This little exercise will demonstrate how we can move the control file from one ASM disk group to another or make multiple copies of the control file or even move the control file from the file system to ASM. First change the initialization parameter for the new location of the control files. We should at a minimum always multiplex the control files in ASM. One copy of the control file should go into the +DATA disk group. Another copy of the control file should go to the +FRA disk group:

SQL> alter system set control_files='+DATA/PROD/controlfile/control01.ctl','+fra/PROD/controlfile/control02.ctl' scope=spfile;

System altered.

Next, we need to shutdown the database and start an instance in nomount mode. If you are on RAC, this is particularly important as all instances need to be down:

[oracle@rhel59a dbca]$ rman target /
RMAN> shutdown immediate;

using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
Oracle instance shut down

RMAN> startup nomount;

connected to target database (not started)
Oracle instance started

Total System Global Area     801701888 bytes

Fixed Size                     2232640 bytes
Variable Size                595594944 bytes
Database Buffers             197132288 bytes
Redo Buffers                   6742016 bytes

Next, we want to restore the control file from one of the copies (what was the original control_files initialization parameter) and mount the database to confirm that it worked:

RMAN> restore controlfile from '+DATA02/PROD/controlfile/current.266.809597795';

Starting restore at 11-MAR-13
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=16 instance=PROD1 device type=DISK

channel ORA_DISK_1: copied control file copy
output file name=+DATA/PROD/controlfile/control01.ctl
output file name=+FRA/PROD/controlfile/control02.ctl
Finished restore at 11-MAR-13

RMAN> alter database mount;

database mounted
released channel: ORA_DISK_1

As the final step, we want to shut the instance down again and bring the database up across all the RAC nodes with the srvctl command:

RMAN> shutdown immediate;

database dismounted
Oracle instance shut down

RMAN> exit

Recovery Manager complete.

[oracle@rhel59a dbca]$ srvctl start database -d PROD

SQL> show parameter control_files

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
control_files                        string      +DATA/PROD/controlfile/contr
                                                 ol01.ctl, +FRA/PROD/controlf

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