Everyone knows me as an Oracle, Linux and VMware Expert. Few know me as a Certified Microsoft SQL Server expert from days of old. I am venturing into the SQL Server world again and plan on leveraging my expertise from the Oracle database world. I love the fact that Microsoft ported their SQL Server database to Linux. Stay tuned as I write future articles on how to deploy SQL Server on Linux and expose best practices to scale a SQL Server database on Linux.

For the first part of many series on virtualizing Microsoft SQL Server on VMware, let’s focus on the storage aspect of the virtalized infrastructure.

Improper storage configuration is often the culprit with performance issues. Majority of the SQL Server performance issues can be correlated back to storage configuration. Typically, relational databases, especially in the production workloads, produce heavy I/O workloads. When storage is misconfigured, performance degradations and additional latency can be introduced especially during heavy I/O workloads.

Storage is always about understanding throughput (IOPS) and disk latency. Understand your workload I/O usage patterns, thresholds, and times of high activity; benchmark and confirm you are achieving the true throughput of your hardware. Bad settings and incorrect configurations will keep the true throughput of the system from being achieved. It is important to understand the total IOPS your disk system can handle from the following formulas.

  • Total Raw IOPS = disk IOPS x number of disks
  • Functional IOPS = (disk IOPS x write%)/ (RAID overhead) + (Raw IOPS x Read%)

You need to find a balance between performance and capacity. Larger drives typically correlates to less performance. The more spindles you have, the more IOPS you can generate. Keep in mind that ESXi host demand is an aggregate demand of all VM’s residing on that host at that time. Low latency high I/O SQL Server databases are very sensitive to the latency of the I/O operations. Storage configurations are very important in achieving an optimal database configuration.

Recommendation for the best performance is always Eager Zeroes thick vmdk’s created in an Independent Persistent mode, to avoid any performance issues. Thick provisioned Lazy Zeroed vmdk’s or Thin provisioned vmdk’s can be used, as long as the Storage array is VAAI capable, improving the performance for first-time-write performance for these two types. Vmdk’s created in an Independent Persistent mode, i.e. Persistent refers to changes persistently written to disks. Independent refers to the vmdk being independent of VM based snapshots.

vAdmins can thinly provision a virtual disk. Thinly provisioned disks equate to storage on demand. Thin provisioning at the storage level and at the virtualization layer is commonly practiced in many companies, as it is a technique used to save space and to over-commit space on the storage array. Make sure how your storage is layed out for your SQL Server environments.

Development databases an be provisioned on thinly provisioned disks and can grow on-demand; however, for production workloads, make sure that you are always leveraging Eager Zeroed Thick VMDK.

This blog post touches on one of the key elements of virtualization to successfully deploy a highly performant SQL Server environment. For more details, sign up for one of my upcoming webinars on “Ten Surprising Performance Killers on Microsoft SQL Server” on Oct 12 at 1:00 PM CST.

http://info.sentryone.com/partner-webinar-surprising-performance-killers


Join Oracle’s Andy Rivenes along with three Oracle ACE Directors next week for the IOUG Master Class: Oracle Database 12c Release 2!

Register today for this on-site jammed packed technology day of learning where we will focus on two of the most compelling features – Multitenancy and Database In-Memory (DBIM) – with ton of discussions on all the new features. Come see:

Jim Czuprynski, Oracle Enterprise Architect, ViON Corporation
Rich Niemiec, Chief Innovation Officer, Viscosity North America
Charles Kim, Founder and President, Viscosity North America

You’ll also have the opportunity to win some great prizes from our event sponsors, ViON Corporation and Viscosity North America. And the best part – there is no cost to you! We have our sponsors to thank for covering all attendee costs for the day. All attendees need to do is register and attend! After registering, you will receive a confirmation of your registration. Location details and the full agenda can be found here.

Here’s the detailed agenda:
8:00 a.m – 9:00 a.m.: Breakfast, registration, networking
9:00 a.m. – 9:15 a.m.: Welcome
9:15 a.m. – 10:00 a.m.: Keynote on Oracle Future: 12cR2, Multitenant, Database In-Memory, Cloud
10:00 a.m. – 12:30 p.m.: Track 1 – PDB Me, ASAP! Oracle 12cR2 Multitenant HOL, Pt 1

Track 2 – Oracle Cloud On the Horizon and Oracle Database In-Memory Deep Dive
12:30 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.: Lunch and networking
1:30 p.m. – 4:00 p.m.: Track 1 – PDB Me, ASAP! Oracle 12cR2 Multitenant HOL, Pt 2

Track 2 – Oracle Database In-Memory By Example and Analytic Views
4:00 p.m. – 4:45 p.m.: 12cR2 Experts Panel Discussion
4:45 p.m. – 5:00 p.m.: Closing Remarks and Prize Giveaways

Click here for details and to register for this incredible event


I feel like I barely made it alive this week. My crazy life started out on Sunday evening as I delivered a webinar for the New Zealand and Australia Oracle User Group on Backing Up Your Oracle Databases to the Cloud. Because the target audience was in Australia and New Zealand, my webinar was scheduled for 7PM on Sunday. Immediately next day afternoon, I delivered another presentation for Database Trends and Applications on Database Replication for Zero downtime Migrations, High Availability and Disaster Recovery presentation leveraging SharePlex. I haven’t delivered a speech on SharePlex and Data Replication since 2000 at IOUG in Orlando. The turnout for this event was great!

Next day, I flew to San Francisco to deliver the full-day Hands-On-Lab workshop on Oracle Cloud on Wednesday. This is our featured workshop that we deliver for the Oracle Cloud SIG on behalf of the IOUG – Independent Oracle Users Group sponsored by the Northern California Oracle User Group. There was lot of content that had to be updated and lot of new content on Oracle Ravello Cloud and Bare Metal Cloud Services that had to be added.

On Thursday, I delivered the keynote at the Northern California Oracle Users Group (NoCOUG) on Why You Need to Consider Upgrading to Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (Oracle 12.2) to Securely and Easily Migrate to Oracle Cloud. This was my first time presenting for NoCOUG and the turnout was great. After my keynote, I also sat on the Expert Panel on Oracle Cloud fielding questions from the audience.

I do not think I want to repeat a week like this again. On a positive note, I did get to meet a lot of experts from our industry. If you would like to download a copy of any or all of the presentations, please feel free to visit our Viscosity North America website. I feel like this crazy presentation life style is becoming more and more of a norm for me these days. I do enjoy doing the research and geeking out with fellow Oracle technologists.

Posted by Charles Kim, Oracle ACE Director


Oracle Database 12c Release 2, packs a multitude of new features for Data Guard with high availability, data protection, and disaster recovery. Through the new functionality shared in this paper, DBAs can provide better protection for mission critical production databases from human errors, data corruptions, failures, and disasters. With the new features in Oracle 12.2, DBAs can deliver a robust reporting environment while addressing corporate disaster recovery goals.

Download the Data Guard 12.2 white paper here.

Posted by Charles Kim
Oracle ACE Director


I have been proud for the past 4 years to be the only person in the world who held the highest designation from both Oracle and VMware as the Oracle ACE Director and VMware vExpert at the same time.  This week, I am proud to announce that Nitin Vengurlekar (@dbcloudshifu) joins me in this designation.  We are known in both industries for our technical aptitude, authoring books, blogging and speaking at national/international conferences.  

I am also excited to announce that I was accepted into the VMware vExpert program for the 5th consecutive year for the 2017 calendar year.  This year will be Nitin’s first year as a VMware vExpert.  We, at Viscosity North America, are very excited and honored to be the only company in the world who house 2 individuals that hold titles of Oracle ACE Directors and VMware vExperts.

Posted by Charles Kim, Oracle ACE Director and VMware vExpert

Twitter: @racdba

 

 



I am happy to announce that I will be presenting Data Guard Best Practices and Oracle Database 12c Release 2 New Features at the next Rocky Mountain Oracle User Group Technology Day in Denver on February 9, 2017. Come learn how to bullet proof your Data Guard configurations and what’s new in Oracle 12.2. My sessions agenda will be:

Session 8 Thursday 11:15 am to 12:15 pm
What’s New in 12.2: Oracle Database 12.2 New Features

Session 10 Thursday 2:45 pm to 3:45 pm
Bulletproof Your Data Guard Environment

The Oracle Database 12.2 New Features will be a continuation of Viscosity’s 12 Days of Oracle 12.2 but will more in-depth content and code examples.

Charles Kim, Oracle ACE Director
President, Viscosity North America


I am happy to announce that I will be presenting Data Guard at the next Arizona Oracle User Group in Phoenix on January 26, 2017. At January’s AZORA meeting we’ll have a total of four presentations; two sessions running at the same time in different rooms.

Bring a partner to make sure your organization does not miss out on any of the content. We’ll have pizza for lunch and cookies later in the day thanks to the generosity of OneNeck IT Solutions and Viscosity North America.

Once again, Republic Services will host (thank you Republic) in two of their brand-new training rooms on the first floor.

When: January 26, 2017 (Thursday) 12:30 pm – 4:00 pm

Where: Republic Services
1st Floor Training Rooms
14400 N 87th St (AZ101 & Raintree)
Scottsdale, AZ

Agenda:

12:30 – 1:00 Registration and Pizza
1:00-1:10 Welcome
1:10-2:10 Presentations

Room 1 Biju Thomas – OneNeck IT Solutions (Oracle ACE Director)
“Oracle Database 12c New Features for 11gR2 DBA”

Room 2 Charles Kim – Viscosity North America (Oracle ACE Director)
“Bullet Proof Your Data Guard Environment”

Here’s the summary to what I will be presenting:

Compliance to industry best practices can easily be achieved. This session will disseminate fundamental Data Guard best practices and reference architectures that DBAs need to know to protect their Oracle ecosystem. The author of the Oracle Data Guard Handbook will demonstrate how DBAs should set up, configure, and monitor mission-critical Data Guard environments (including Active Data Guard).

Come see Data Guard best practices in action. The session concentrates on:
o Building the physical standby
o Monitoring and maintaining the physical standby
o Configuring Data Guard Broker
o Performing backup and recovery with RMAN
o Setting archive retention
o Performing switchovers and failovers
o Integrating Data Guard with OEM 13c
o What’s new in Oracle Data Guard 12.2

2:10-2:25 Break – Coffee & Cookies

2:25-3:25 Presentations

Room 1 Biju Thomas – OneNeck IT Solutions (Oracle ACE Director)
“Introduction to Oracle Databases in the Cloud”

Room 2 Jerry Ward – Viscosity North America
“Building Faceted Search Navigation in APEX with Oracle JET and PL/SQL Pipelines”

3:25-3:30 Wrap Up and Closing


The Oracle Cloud Experience Technology Hands-on-lab Workshop is sponsored by the Cloud Computing SIG of IOUG. We are proud to announce our participation at the Georgia Oracle User Group Tech Days on March 15-16, Atlanta, Georgia. Every attendee will be given a Kindle version of the Oracle Cloud Pocket Solutions Guide:

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The Cloud Experience Technology Hands-on-lab Workshop will start with creating a database in Oracle Cloud. We will also focus on backing up an on-premise database to the cloud and various solutions that’s available from Oracle to backup both Oracle databases and non-Oracle databases. We will discuss complete solution options that you can implement as you make your journey to Oracle Cloud.

Attendees will :
• Learn how to set up OS secure authentication, generating private and public keys
• Learn about various kinds of containers in Oracle Cloud and create a storage container to leverage for the hands-on lab
• Learn when and how to use the cloud for business projects
• Learn methods to backup databases to the cloud, configure Oracle Recovery Manager to backup to and restore from the Oracle Cloud.
• Learn methods to migrate databases to the cloud.
• Create a database in Oracle Cloud
• Communicate from on-premise to the database that resides in Oracle Cloud
• General Q & A with community experts

We will also discuss real-life solutions addressing security concerns, opening ports, creating database links/communicating with databases in Oracle Cloud, and innovations that Oracle has made to Oracle Cloud in the past 2 years.


The Oracle Cloud Experience Technology Hands-on-lab Workshop is sponsored by the Cloud Computing SIG of IOUG. Here’s what the high level agenda will look like for the Great Lakes Oracle Conference which will be held on May 17 and 18 at Cleveland, Ohio. Every attendee will be given a Kindle version of the Oracle Cloud Pocket Solutions Guide:

NewImage

The Cloud Experience Technology Hands-on-lab Workshop will start with creating a database in Oracle Cloud. We will also focus on backing up an on-premise database to the cloud and various solutions that’s available from Oracle to backup both Oracle databases and non-Oracle databases. We will discuss complete solution options that you can implement as you make your journey to Oracle Cloud.

We will also discuss real-life solutions addressing security concerns, opening ports, creating database links/communicating with databases in Oracle Cloud, and innovations that Oracle has made to Oracle Cloud in the past 2 years.

Here’s a high level agenda of the Oracle Cloud Experience HOL Workshop for the Great Lakes Oracle Conference on May 17 and 18:

01:00 – 01:30 – Introduction to Oracle Cloud and Security
01:30 – 01:45 – Login to on-premise accounts and cloud accounts

01:45 – 02:15 – Database Cloud Lecture
02:15 – 03:00 – Hands on Workshop

03:00 – 03:30 – Oracle Storage Cloud and Database Backup Cloud Lecture
03:30 – 04:00 – Hands on Lab Workshop

Normally, this is an all day lecture and hands-on-lab workshop. We have created a special condensed version for the Great Lakes Oracle Conference.

The Oracle Cloud Solution Guide addresses Oracle Cloud fundamentals, Storage Cloud, Database Cloud, and Oracle Database Backup Cloud, as a quick go-to reference guide, as seen by industry experts. Here’s the outline of the book:
Introduction to Oracle Cloud
Review Oracle Cloud Fundamentals
– Logging into the OPC (for the first time)
– Discuss how to sign up for a free trial account

Storage Cloud
Oracle Storage Cloud Service Fundamentals
Object Storage
Archive Storage
What is a Container
Defining the Replication Policy
Setting the Replication Policy

Demonstrate Cloud SIG’s curl API in action
What is curl
Obtaining the Authorization token
Creating a Container with curl
Creating an Archive Container with Curl
Uploading a file with curl
Listing the Contents of a Container
Deleting a File in a Container
How much space have I consumed so far?
Upload CLI Jar
Uploading a File Using the uploadcli.jar File

Oracle Database Cloud
Provisioning a Database
* Generating SSH Keys
SSH’ing to the Database Server as oracle
SSH’ing to the Database Server as ops and root
Opening/enabling Port 1521
Creating a Database Link Between Private Database and Public Database Cloud
Creating a Secure Tunnel with ssh
Adding Database Storage to DBaaS

Oracle Database Backup Cloud
Show students how and where to download the Database Cloud Backup Module
Installing the Database Cloud Backup Module
Configuring RMAN for Backups
Backing up the Database to OPC
Discuss how and what is needed to perform backups for Oracle Standard Edition databases
Best Practices for Backing Up to OPC
Demonstrate how to restore and recover a database from the RMAN Database Cloud Backup

Review of Oracle Storage Cloud Software Appliance
Logging into the OSCSA
Best Practices with OSCSA
Where to find additional documentation
Quick Demo of Oracle Storage Cloud Software Appliance

Posted by: Charles Kim, Oracle ACE Director